The Home Care Advantage: Reduce Risk of Alzheimer’s

What is Alzheimer’s Disease?

According to the Alzheimer’s Society of Canada website “Alzheimer’s Disease is a chronic neurodegenerative disease that destroys brain cells, causing thinking ability and memory to deteriorate over time. Alzheimer’s disease is not a normal part of aging and is irreversible.” 2

What Causes Alzheimer’s Disease?

“Scientists don’t yet fully understand what causes Alzheimer’s disease in most people. The causes probably include a combination of age-related changes in the brain, along with genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. The importance of any one of these factors in increasing or decreasing the risk of Alzheimer’s disease may differ from person to person.

Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive brain disease. It is characterized by changes in the brain—including amyloid plaques and neurofibrillary, or tau, tangles—that result in loss of neurons and their connections. These and other changes affect a person’s ability to remember and think and, eventually, to live independently.”3

Types of Alzheimer’s Disease

Late-onset Alzheimer’s disease – Most people with Alzheimer’s Disease have late-onset Alzheimer’s disease, in which symptoms become apparent in their mid-60s. Researchers have not found a specific gene that directly causes the late-onset form of the disease. However, one genetic risk factor—having one form, or allele, of the apolipoprotein E (APOE) gene on chromosome 19—does increase a person’s risk. APOE ɛ4 is called a risk-factor gene because it increases a person’s risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease. However, inheriting an APOE ɛ4 allele does not mean that a person will definitely develop Alzheimer’s Disease. Some people with an APOE ɛ4 allele never get the disease, and others who develop Alzheimer’s Disease do not have any APOE ɛ4 alleles.3

Early-onset Alzheimer’s Disease – Early-onset Alzheimer’s disease occurs between a person’s 30s to mid-60s and represents less than 10 percent of all people with Alzheimer’s. Some cases are caused by an inherited change in one of three genes. In other cases, research shows that other genetic components are at work. Researchers are working to identify additional genetic markers or risk variants for early-onset Alzheimer’s disease.3

Alzheimer’s Disease Risk Factors

You can reduce your risk of Alzheimer’s by making healthy lifestyle choices. Here are a few suggestions:

Maintain blood pressure – Millions of adults have high blood pressure, and many are out of control.

Manage blood sugar – Learn how to manage your blood sugar if you have diabetes type 1 or 2.

Healthy eating– Maintain a healthy weight and keep vital organs nourished with nutrients.

Physical Activity – Physical activity can improve thinking, reduce depression/anxiety, and help you sleep.

Quit smoking – Maintain brain health and can reduce your risk of heart disease, cancer, lung disease, and other smoking-related illnesses. Free Quitline: 1-800-QUIT-NOW (1-800-784-8669)

Reduce excessive drinking – Drink in moderation. If you have a problem, seek professional help.

Correct hearing or vision loss- Always talk to a professional to treat and manage any sensory loss.

Get enough sleep – 30% of adults report they get less sleep than the recommended amount. Sleep early and avoid using electronic devices 30 minutes before bedtime.

If it seems overwhelming to make all these changes at the same time, try setting goals, and making a plan to gradually accomplish them. For example, getting an extra 20 minutes of sleep at night by going to bed earlier by 30 minutes, or getting an annual physical exam by booking a regular date every year, or simply taking a walk every morning or evening to make a noticeable difference in your cognitive and physical health.1

One way to meet your goals is through the use of a Home Care worker. A Home Care support worker can assist in managing the risk factors associated with early-onset Alzheimer’s Disease. With the development of a tailored program that oversees the management and reduction of controllable risk factors, a reduction in overall risk can be attained. A Home Care worker who ensures such things as regular movement, nutritious meal consumption, social engagement, and check-ups such as monitoring heart rate or blood pressure, amongst other services, can be an effective way to maintain good health.

The Arcavia Home Care Advantage

Arcavia Home Care works with all types of organizations that serve and cater to our elderly population. This includes hospitals, rehabilitation centers, local clinics, pharmacies, geriatric centers, and a host of other companies, program providers, and service deliverers, to ensure no one is left unserved. We recognize the growing need for elderly immigrant home care and for temporary quality staff support for our partnering facilities. At Arcavia Home Care our primary goal is to extend the quality of life of our patients. We extend the quality of life of every patient by supplying tailored programs that ensure our patients receive the best level of care at the most affordable rates.

To learn more about our programs or to become a partner organization contact us at


1 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Alzheimer’s Disease and Healthy Aging, 2023. Reducing Risk of Alzheimer’s Disease.Toronto, Ontario: :

2 Alzheimer Society of Canada: About Dementia, 2023. What is Alzheimer’s Disease? Toronto, Canada: :

3 National Insititute on Aging: Health Topics A to Z, 2023. What Causes Alzheimer’s Disease?. Toronto, Canada: :

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